The autumnal colours are fading into the background with the remaining leaves turning brown and revealing bare branches. These are the first few weeks of winter where there are some important jobs to be done to set things up for the months ahead.
The following are the main tasks to be carried out:
There is still time to plant spring flowering bulbs such as daffodils, tulips, crocuses, bluebells and snowdrops
Continue planting out wallflowers, forget-me-nots, primroses, violas, pansies etc for magnificent spring displays.
For winter colour in beds and containers, a selection from the colourful range of bud blooming heathers are a must for planting at this time of year.
Once the dahlias, cannas and tuberous begonias have died down, they should be dug up and stored in a cool but frost free place for the winter months.
Cut back foliage of senesced perennials and consign to compost heap. Divide overcrowded clumps to maintain their vigour.
Prune back bush roses by 50% and tidy up deciduous shrubs.
If you haven’t already aerated your lawn there is still time to do it before winter sets in using a lawn aerator or spiking with a garden fork at regular intervals.
Now is a good time to plant to plant all soft fruit bushes including strawberries as well as apple trees, plums etc. Prune apple and pear trees anytime between now and February avoiding frosty conditions. Now is a great time to plant rhubarb and asparagus crowns. Existing clumps of rhubarb producing thin stems should be split and sections from the outer younger part of the crown that have a growing point replanted.
November is a good time weather permitting to add well rotted manure or compost to the bare vegetable area and then cover with black plastic to prevent the nutrients being leached out of the soil.
Save money on water charges by installing a water butt for watering plants particularly after planting.
Note: Gardening at this time of year is all about making most of any fine days and enjoying a garden with colour from flowers, bark, berries as well as from the many bright evergreen shrubs and perennials. Visit our garden centres to see the range available.